Life Below Water

Life Below Water

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Keywords: Coastal, Conservation, Fishing, Law, Marine, Marine Areas, Marine Resources, Marine Technology, Ocean, Research, Scientific, Sustainable Management of Fisheries, Sustainable Use.

Target

Indicators

14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.1.1 Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density
14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.2.1 Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches
14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
14.3.1 Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations
14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
14.4.1 Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and local law and based on the best available scientific information
14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas
14.7 By 2030, increase the economic benefits to community plan areas along the coast from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
14.7.1 Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries
14.A Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity
14.A.1 Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology
14.B Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
14.B.1 Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries
14.C Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by adapting international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want”
14.C.1 Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources